The santa fe trail opens as a group of american traders from independence, missouri, led by william becknell, reaches the spanish city the santa fe trail will become the most important link between northern mexico and the united states prior to the mexican-american war in 1846. The early modern period was, for good and ill, the age of european exploration, conquest, and colonization initially, the foremost motivation for these efforts was the search for overseas trade routes with india and china. The ability to describe and assess the influence and impact of conquest, colonization, slavery, dependency, civil unrest, political turmoil, foreign intervention and globalization on the political and economic stability and the social and cultural integrity of latin american nations. 1968: latin american bishops meeting in medellín, colombia, embrace liberation theology and announce a 'preferential option for the poor' 1970 : salvador allende in chile elected president in chile, and becomes the first democratically elected socialist to take power in latin america.
The term latin america primarily refers to the spanish and portuguese-speaking countries in the new worldbefore the arrival of europeans in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, the region was home to many indigenous peoples, a number of which had advanced civilizations, most notably from north to south the olmec, maya, muisca and inca. A perspective largely unexamined in past works on the spanish conquest of mexico has been the details of the tactical systems of the respective sides, and how these systems worked on the battlefield to produce the spanish victory. The conquest and colonization of latin america global history and geography i name: _____ e napp date: _____ the spanish conquest of latin america brought many important changes to latin american society.
The probanza de mérito, or proof of merit petition, served to highlight individual services to the crown thousands of these petitions are housed in archives in spain and throughout latin america, offering rich details about the various conquest campaigns. Other studies of the late colonial period examine the end of spanish colonial rule, the growing influence of the united states, and the rise of national identities, particularly in relation to ideologies of race. Seven myths of the spanish conquest is a 2003 work by ethnohistorian matthew restall in which he posits that there are seven myths about the spanish colonization of the americas that have come to be widely believed to be true. Students can major in latin american studies, which requires nine courses, or do a five-course latin american studies concentration either option will enhance your understanding of latin american countries and the interconnectedness of latin america and the united states.
The artistic traditions of peru were transformed after the spanish conquest of the region beginning in 1532 the incas and previous cultures had painted on textiles, ceramics, and wood and had created mural paintings but soon after the establishment of the viceroyalty of peru in 1542, spanish. Chapter 25 test questions multiple choice 1 doa marina was a the first viceroy of the spanish colonies in the americas b the leading spanish banker who funded exploration. The spanish conquest of the inca empire was one of the most important campaigns in the spanish colonization of the americas after years of preliminary exploration and military skirmishes, 168 spanish soldiers under francisco pizarro and their native allies captured the sapa inca atahualpa in the 1532 battle of cajamarca. The spanish conquest of mexico is generally understood to be the spanish conquest of the aztec empire (1519-21) which was the base for later conquests of other regions later conquests were protracted campaigns with less spectacular results than the conquest of the aztecs.
Spanish conquest of the americas in the late 15th century, cristóbal colón, known in the english-speaking world as christopher columbus , a man well-read in geography, astronomy, history, and theology who had extensive maritime experience, believed he could sail west across the atlantic to reach asia. Las courses 2018-19 note: all courses count for the major and the concentration unless otherwise indicated fall semester hist 126: conquest and colonization t 9:35-11:00 th 9:30-10:50 (for first-years only. Latin-american studies, spanish conquest and colonization, 1520-1820 essays and research papers recent publications in the latin-american studies / spanish conquest and colonization, 1520-1820 category. The half century after columbus's voyage sees a frenzy of activity in the new world (part exploration, part conquest, part colonization) as the spanish scramble and struggle to make the most of their unexpected new opportunities during the first decade of the century the only secure spanish.
The conquest and colonization of latin america global history and geography i e napp name: _____ date: _____ the spanish conquest of latin america brought many important changes to latin american society. Long after columbus's arrival for the haitian taino to revolt against the spanish conquest of the island the first offensive reaction of the taino against their invasion was carried out as early as in 1492 by the destruction of the fort navidad following columbus' return to spain. 1826: there are ten independent countries in latin america: mexico, central america, colombia, peru, bolivia, chile, haiti, paraguay, la plata, brazil, and the population of latin america is about 20 million.