This digest discusses the origins of gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, his definition of intelligence, the incorporation of the theory of multiple intelligences into the classroom, and its role in alternative assessment practices. Theories of intelligence theories of intelligence, as is the case with most scientific theories, have evolved through a succession of paradigms that have been put forward to clarify our understanding of the idea. The nature versus nurture debate is about the relative influence of an individual's innate attributes as opposed to the experiences from the environment one is brought up in, in determining individual differences in physical and behavioral traits the philosophy that humans acquire all or most of their behavioral traits from nurture is known. Two of the most recognized cognitive psychologists, jean piaget and lev vygotsky, developed theories that addressed cognitive development and learning among children and adolescents. That is, intelligence consists of two parts, the fluid intelligence and the crystallized intelligence the fluid is the biological aspect of intelligence and it is measured by calculating the speed of reasoning and memory capacity.
Compare robert sternberg & howard gardner howard gardner and robert sternberg are experts in their field and there is a basic similarity between their theories in that they both believe in a broader definition of intelligence than traditionally recognized. Psychologists have long debated how to best conceptualize and measure intelligence (sternberg, 2003) these questions include how many types of intelligence there are, the role of nature versus nurture in intelligence, how intelligence is represented in the brain, and the meaning of group differences in intelligence. Shirley j caruso, edd jean piaget and lev vygotsky theories of constructivism two cognitive psychologists, jean piaget and lev vygotsky, developed theories of constructivism that addressed cognitive development and learning among children, adolescents, and adults.
-author of a contemporary theory of multiple intelligences consisting of eight separate kinds of intelligence -multiple intelligences - several independent mental abilities that allow a person to solve problems, create products that are valued within one's culture. Summary: carol dweck and others have identified two implicit theories of intelligence those learners who have an entity theory view intelligence as being an unchangeable, fixed internal characteristic. Theories of intelligence a typical dictionary definition of intelligence is the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge intelligence includes the ability to benefit from past experience, act purposefully, solve problems, and adapt to new situations.
Theories of intelligence also form the basis of attempts to measure and quantify human ability and intellectual potential, with far-reaching implications for learning, program design, and team building, among countless other areas. Most theories view leadership as grounded in one or more of the following three perspectives: leadership as a process or relationship, leadership as a combination of traits or personality characteristics, or leadership as certain behaviors or, as they are more commonly referred to, leadership skills. Intelligence has been an important and controversial topic throughout psychology's history despite the substantial interest in the subject, there is still considerable disagreement about what components make up intelligence.
Spearman's two-factor theory of intelligence in 1904, charles spearman had developed a statistical procedure called factor analysisin factor analysis, related variables are tested for correlation to each other, then the correlation of the related items are evaluated to find clusters or groups of the variables. Recent intelligence scholarship, for example, has discussed theoretical issues relating to the definition of intelligence, the overall state of intelligence theory, obstacles to success in intelligence, and the politics of the cia. Cronbach's plea to unite the two disciplines of scientific psychology led, in part, to the development of cognitive theories of intelligence and of the underlying processes posited by these theories.
Behavioural theory in contrast with trait theory, behavioural theoryattempts to describe leadership in terms of what leadersdo, while trait theory seeks to explain leadership on thebasis of what leaders are. One theory of intelligence states that there is one general school of thought and the other theory believes there are multiple schools of thought spearman's general ability, or a g factor, believe that this is the only factor that measures intelligence, whereas, gardner's multiple intelligence believes there are more than one factor (wade. His theory defines intelligence as the ability to solve problems, handle crises and produce something of value for one's culture according to gardner's theory, people are born with one of eight. How these influences affected the outcome of their theories finally this author will compare, and contrast the theories and point out where they are both similar and different jean piaget -()18961980.